Traditional tools, art & architecture
‘Anvil’ is one of the local skills and technologies of Nepal. Anvil is an iron block in which a blacksmith pus hot pieces of metal before shaping them with a hammer.
Janto is a circular grinder made up of stone and wooden handle at the top to make it easier to roll it. It is mostly used to grind lentils. It based on the principle of rotation.
Prajnaparamita is a Buddhist sculpture meaning ‘perfection of wisdom’. A 900-year-old copper painting that goes with the name of ‘prajnaparamita’ copied in the wood surface is the oldest painting of Nepal. Prajnaparamita consists of the pictures of Pancha Buddha and 5 stars on one side and the pictures of Bajrasatwa and other goddesses on another side.
Pata and Mandala:
Pata is a kind of scroll painting which are about 4-5 m long whereas Mandala is circular in shape. Min deity is at the center and others are on the surrounding in Pata but in the mandala, a swastika or similar signs are at the center and other deities are on the surrounding.
Mithila painting is one of the most refined forms of wall painting. Our Nepali wall painting was started in Nepal whereas it was beginning from India.
Peculiarities of the traditional architecture of Nepal:
The peculiarities of pagoda style:-
- It is a multi-storied.
- Its roof gets narrower from lower to higher.
- The foundation of the temple is little raised with some carved steps.
- The top part consists of a golden Gajur (pinnacle).
The peculiarities of stupa /chaitya style:-
- It is a Buddhist style of architecture.
- It is a hemispherical dome.
- It consists of a pinnacle with Buddha’s eyes painted outside.
- There are festooned prayer flags and prayer wheels lie all around the basal circumference.
The peculiarities of summit (Shikhar) style:-
- Wood is rarely used and the original material is stone.
- It is roofless with several towering and tapering top.
- Brick is used for wall, doors are carved in stone.
- There is a veranda outside, top of which is supported by carved stone pillars.
Differentiate between Shikhar style and pagoda style of architecture.
· It is multi-storied.
· It consists of only one pinnacle.
· It was most developed in the Malla period.
· It is roofless.
· It consists of many pinnacles.
· It was mostly developed in the 17th and 18th century.