Geographical location and area of Nepal:
Nepal is a small landlocked nation arranged in the core of Asia. It is encompassed by the People’s Republic of China in the north and India in the South, East, and West. Nepal is molded practically like a rectangular shape. It is situated between 26 degrees 2 minutes and 30 degrees 27 minutes North latitude and 88 degrees 12 minutes East longitude. It covers the area of 147,181 square kilometers. It has an average length of 885 kilometers east to west. The north-south width isn’t uniform. Its width is 241 kilometers in greatest and 145 kilometers in the least.
Out of the complete 28% arable land, 7% is uncultivated. The woodland region covers 44% of Nepal. The meadow and field territory spread 12%, and 2.6 % of the complete area is covered by water.
Physical features of Nepal
A. Mountain/ Himalayan region:
The mountain region spreads in elevation from 4,877 to 8,848 meters over the ocean level. This region incorporates a portion of the world’s celebrated pinnacles, for example, Mount Everest, Annapoorna Gowrishankar, Machhapuchhre, and so on. The territory over 5,000 meters is constantly covered by snow. Thus there is less human habitat in this region. The principal waterways of the nation begin in this region because of snowfall. It covers 35% of the total land area of the nation. However, just 6.7 % of the total populace lives in this region.
B. Hilly region:
Hilly region covers 42% of the total land area of the nation. This region lies for the most part somewhere in the range of 610 and 4,877 meters above sea level in altitude. This region incorporates Kathmandu and Pokhara Valley. The richest valleys for agriculture like Salyantar, Rumjatar, Tumlingtar, Rampur additionally lie in this region. This region is highly developed. It has been the conventional territory (original) of the Nepalese settlement. About 10% of the place of this region is arable.
C. Terai region:
Terai region has covered 23% of the total land area of the country. This region is very important from an economic perspective. Terai region includes the most fertile land and dense forest of the country. About 60% of the cultivated land of the country lies in this region. And hence, this region is also known as the grain basket of the country.
A Snap of Physical features of Nepal:
- Himalayan Region
- The great Himalayas
- Inner Himalayas
- Tibetan Marginal the Himalayas
- Hilly Region
- Mahabharat Leks
- Churia Hills
- Terai Region
- Outer Terai
- Inner Terai
- Bhabar Tract
Contd . . . .
River-based division of Nepal:
Nepal is divided into three parts on the basis of the river:-
Koshi river lies in the eastern part of Nepal. The rivers such as Indrawati, Sunkoshi, Likhukhola, Dudhkoshi, Arun, Tamore and Tamakoshi are the tributaries of Koshi river. All tributaries mix together at Chatara after which the river is known as Saptakoshi. Koshi is the largest river of Nepal.
Gandaki river flows through the western part of Gandaki, Lumbini, Narayani and Baghmati zones. The tributaries of Gandaki are Kali-Gandaki, Seti, Madi, Marsyngdi, Budi-Gandaki, and Trishuli. When all the river mix together, the river is known as Sapta-Gandaki.
Karnali rivers originate from Tibet. The tributaries of this river are Humla-Karnali, Mugu-Karnali, Tila river, Seti, Budi-Ganga and Bheri river. Karnali is the longest river in Nepal.
Administrative Division of Nepal:
As of 20 September, 2015 Nepal is divided into 7 provinces. They are defined by schedule 4 of the new constitution, by grouping together the existing districts. Prior to September 2015, Nepal was divided into 5 Development regions.
Fulfilling the requirement of the new constitution of Nepal in 2015, all old municipalities and villages (which were more than 3900 in number) were restructured into 753 new municipalities and rural municipalities. At present, there are 6 metropolitan cities, 11 sub-metropolitan cities, 276 municipalities, and 460 rural municipalities.
Nepal is composed of seven provinces. They are defined by schedule 4 of the new constitution, by grouping together the existing districts. Two districts, however, are split into two parts ending up in two different provinces.
Climate & Weather in Nepal
Nepal’s climate varies with its topography. It ranges from tropical to arctic depending upon the altitude. The Terai region, which lies in the tropical southern part of the country, for instance, has a hot, humid climate. The mid-land regions are pleasant almost all year round, although winter morning and nights are cool. The northern mountain region, around an altitude above 3,353 meters has an alpine climate with a considerably lower temperature and thin air in winter as can be expected.
Nepal has four climatic seasons:
(a) Spring: March – May,
(b) Summer: June – August,
(c) Autumn: September – November and
(d) Winter: December -February.
Spring is a colorful season which is punctuated by the odd shower of life-giving rain but the heat gradually builds until the monsoon relief arrives. During summer the Monsoon; moisture-laden wind, gathers in the Bay of Bengal and sweep up across India to spend its force on the Himalayan mountain chain. Autumn is renowned for clear skies and pleasant temperature.
By winter the high hills take dry brown shades and the mountains are occasionally dusted with fresh snow. However, due to Nepal’s vast range of diversified land orientation as well its amazing climatic variation effects regular seasons different and are six in Nepal.
Spring – Basanta April-May
Summer – Grishma June-July
Monsoon – Barsha Late June-Mid September
Autumn – Sharad September-November
Winter – Hemanta December-January
Windy – Sisir February-March