Comprehensive Passages HSEB/ NEB 2068 and 2069 Old Questions | English Class 11
HSEB/ NEB 2069: Read the following passage and answer the questions given below. [5*2=10]
Long ago men spent most of their time looking for food. They ate anything they could find.
Some lived mostly on plants. They ate the fruits , stems and leaves of some plants and the roots of others. When food was scarce , they ate the bark of trees. If they were lucky, they would find the bird’s nest with eggs. People who lived near the water ate fish or anything that washed ashore, even rotten whales. Some people ate insects and small animals like lizards that were easy to kill.
Later, men learned to make weapons. With weapons , they could kill larger animals for meat. These early people had big appetites. If they killed an animal, they would drink the blood, eat the meat and chew the bones. When they finished the meat, there was nothing left.
At first men wandered from place to place to find their food. But when they began to grow plants, they stayed in one place and ate what they could grow. They tamed animals , trained them to work, and killed them for meat. Life was a little better than , but there was still not much variety in their meals. Day after day people ate the same food.
Gradually, man began to travel greater distances. The explorers who sailed unknown seas found new lands. And in these lands, they found new foods and spices and took them back home.
The Portugese, who sailed around the stormy Cape of Good hoped to reach China, took back “Chinese apples,” the fruit we call oranges today. Later, Portuguese colonists carried orange seeds to Brazil. From Brazil oranges were brought to California, the first place to grow oranges in the US. Peaches and melons also came from China. So did a new drink , tea.
In America the explorers found new foods, too. Here the Spanish explorers tasted hot chocolate for the first time. They had no name for this new drink, as they borrowed the Mexican word chocolate. They found both white and sweet potatoes. They also found corn, peanuts and tomatoes. Columbus himself found pineapple in the west indies and brought it back with him to Europe.
i. What kind of food did men eat before they had weapons?
ii. What difference did weapons make in the kinds of food men ate?
iii. At first, men wandered from place to place to find their food. Then some of them began to stay in one place. Why?
iv. Where did oranges come from? Where are oranges grown?
v. What new foods did the Spanish explorers find in America ?
Marco Polo was born in 1254 in the Venetian Republic. The city of Venice, Italy was at the centre of the venetian republic . When he was 17 years old, he went to china with his father, Niccolo and his uncle, Maffeo. Pope Gregory sent them to visit Kubla khan, the emperor of china. Kubla khan liked Marco Polo. He enjoyed Marco Polo’s stories about many lands. Kubla khan gave Marco polo a job. He sent polo on diplomatic missions. He also made him governer of Yangzhou , an important trading city.
When Marco polo went back to the venetian republic, he talked about his life in china. Few believed his stories. In 1298, he went to jail during a war between Venice and Genoa. While he was prisoner in jail. The man wrote down the stories. The stories became the book, “The Travels of Marco Polo”. Each chapter covers specific region of china. Each chapter is about military, farming, religion and culture of a certain area. The book was translated into many languages.
Marco Polo got out of jail in 1299. He went back to Venice to join his father and uncle. He became very rich. In 1300 he got married, and he and his wife had three children. Marco Polo died in 1324. He was almost 70 years old.
i. With whom did Marco Polo go to china ? why?
ii. Why did kubla khan like Marco Polo?
iii. Who wrote down his stories? Where did he write them?
iv. When did marco polo go to jail and when did he get out of it?
v. How can you say that kubla khan liked marco polo?
The inside of the earth is very very hot. It is so hot that the rock has melted. It has become liquid like water in a kettle. If you have seen kettle boiling, you know that the steam and boiling water try to get out. The very hot melted rock inside the earth also tries to get out. Usually it cannot because the outside of the earth is too thick and strong. But in some places , the outside of the earth is thin and weak. Sometimes, a crack ( a small opening) appears. The hot melted rock, which we call lava, pushes up through the crack and bursts through. Steam and gas shoot up in to the air and the hot melted pours out. Big pieces of rock may be thrown high in the air.
i. How is the inside of the earth?
ii. What is the condition of the rock inside?
iii. What does the hot melted rock try to do?
iv. Why can’t it get out?
v. How does it come out?
Water is the most important natural resources that Nepal possesses, although most of it is yet to be exploited. Nepal has more than 6000 rivers with a combined run off of about 200 billion cubic meters (BCM). If properly harnessed, this resource could make substantial contributions to the socio economic development not only of the people of Nepal but also of millions of people living in the countries of south Asia , especially Bangladesh and India. The Ganga is the natural drainage of the water flowing from Nepal. The overall contributions of the rivers flowing from Nepal to this mighty river is 46 percent of its flow. During the lean season it is as high as 71 percent. The relationship in water resources between the two countries, i.e Nepal and India, exists at both people – to – people and officials levels. The people to people relationship has existed since time immemorial, whereas the official level relationship based on available records, dates back by over 100 years.
Pashupatinath on the banks of the Bagmati river, Barahachhetra on the banks of the koshi river and Devighat on the banks of the Narayani river are some of the places of pilgrimage in Nepal for the people of India. Similarly , the Ganges at Rishikesh , Haridwar and Prayag ( Allahabad) and Gangotri and Yamunotri are some of the pilgrimage sites in India for the people of Nepal. The people of both countries reverse these rivers. They believe that they can meet their life time ambition once they take a dip in the water of these holy rivers, although at present one could question the quality of the water. Jagat Mehta, former foreign secretary of India, rightly say, “Nepalese even aspire to die on the banks of the Ganges”.
i. If properly harnessed, what could be the role of rivers of Nepal?
ii. What are the places of pilgrimage in Nepal for the people of India?
iii. The relationship in water resources between Nepal and India exists in two levels. What are they?
iv. Mention five pilgrimage sites on the bank of rivers in India for the people of Nepal.
v. Write the full form of BCM.