Comprehensive Passages HSEB/ NEB 2064, 2065, 2066, 2067 Old Questions of Compulsory English Class 11
HSEB/ NEB 2067: Read the following passage and answer the questions given below. [5*2=10]
Every day , millions of us climb into our cars and set off on journeys to work, to the shops, or just to enjoy ourselves. And once inside our cars, few of us are inclined to spare a thought for the environmental impact of driving in heavy traffic. Advertising consistently portrays cars as symbols of personal status and freedom, and sources of comfort and convenience.
But the costs of our car- dependent lifestyles are becoming increasing seriously. The lightening traffic jams, demand for new roads, increasing air pollution and threat of climate change are all issues we must tackle sooner rather than later. Nearly all countries have traffic problems, which can be hard to solve. It is well known fact that cars and buses unlike bicycles use lots of petrol and create great deal of pollution. Local people can reduce some of the problems by choosing to walk rather than drive. If we can’t get people to walk or share vehicle , we should put more pressure on scientists to build solar powered or electric engines.
i. Why did people climb into their cars?
ii. What does advertising portray cars as?
iii. What serious issues should we tackle sooner or later?
iv. How can local people reduce the problem of traffic jam?
v. Give an appropriate title for the passage.
To form an administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself. Bur we are in a preliminary phase, of one of the greatest battles in history. We are in action at many other points in Norway and in Holland and we have to be prepared in the Mediterranean. The air battle is continuing, and many preparation have to be here at home.
In this crisis I think I may be pardoned if I do not address the house at any length today, and I hope that any of my friends and colleagues or former colleagues who are affected by the political reconstruction will make all allowances for any lack of ceremony with which it has been necessary to act. I say to the home as I said to ministers who have joined this government, I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat. We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind. We have before us many, many months of struggle and suffering. You ask, what is our policy? I say it is to wage war by land, sea and air. War with all our might and with all strength God has given us, and to wage war against a monstrous tyranny never surpassed in the dark and lamentable catalogue of human crime. ( extract from Winston Churchill’s Address)
i. Why has Winston Churchill formed a big and complex administration?
ii. Why does he ask for forgiveness?
iii. Is the situation before the government easy? Why? Why not?
iv. What according to Churchill is his policy regarding the war?
v. Where, do you suppose, is Churchill addressing before a public gathering , parliament or private house?
The University of Oxford located in the city of Oxford , Oxfordshire, England , is the oldest university in the English speaking world. It is also regarded as one of the world’s leading academic institutions. The university has 38 independent colleges and 6 permanent private halls.
The university traces its roots back to at least the end of the 12th century, although the exact date of foundation remains unclear. After a dispute between students and townsfolk broke out in 1209, some of the academics at oxford fled north east to the town of Cambridge, where the University of Cambridge was founded. The two universities have since had a long history of competition with each other.
The University of oxford is a member of the Russell group of research led British universities, the Coimbra group ( a network of leading European universities), the League of European Research Universities, International Alliance of Research Universities and is also a core member of the European. Academically, Oxford is consistently ranked in the world’s top 10 universities. For more than a century, it has served as the home of the Rhodes Scholarship, which brings highly accomplished students from a number of countries to study at Oxford as postgraduates.
i. Where is the University of Oxford located?
ii. When was the University established?
iii. What was the positive outcome of the dispute between students and locals?
iv. What is the Coimbra Group? What is its relation to the University?
v. How does the Rhodes Scholarship contribute to the highly accomplished students?
After having lived over twenty years in the same city, Sushma was forced to move to a new neighbourhood. She surprised her landlord by telling him that she was leaving because she could not afford to buy any more chocolate.
It all began a year ago when sushma returned home one evening and found a large dog in front of her gate. She was very fond of animals and as she happened to have a small piece of chocolate in her pocket, she gave it to the dog. The next day, the dog was there again. It held up its paws and received another piece of chocolate as a reward. Sushma called her new friend ‘Bingo’. She never found out the dog’s real name, nor who his ownerwas. However, Bingo appeared regularly every afternoon, and it was clear that he preferred chocolate to bones. He soon grew dissatisfied with small pieces of chocolates and demanded a large bar a day. If at any time, sushma neglected her duty, Bingo got very angry and refused to let her open the gates. Sushma was now at Bingo’s mercy and had to bribe him to get into her own house. She spent such a large part of her salary to keep Bingo supplied with chocolate that in the end, she had to move somewhere else.
i. What did sushma see in front of her gate?what did she give it?
ii. Why did the dog become a regular visitor?
iii. What did Bingo demand in time?
iv. What would Bingo do if he did not receive the thing he wanted?
v. Why did sushma decide to move to a new neighbourhood?
It was the first photograph that I had ever seen, and it fascinated me. I can remember holding it at every angle in order to catch the flickering light from the oil lamp on the dresser. The man in the photograph was unsmiling , but his eyes were kind. I had never met him, but I felt that I knew him. One evening when I was looking at the photograph , as I always did before I went to sleep, I noticed a shadow across the man’s thin face. I moved the photograph so that the shadow lay perfectly around his hollow checks. How different he looked!
That night I could not sleep, thinking about the letter that I would write. First, I would tell him that I was eleven years old, and that if he had a little girl of my age, she could write to me instead of him. I knew that he was a very busy man. Than I would explain to him the real purpose of my letter. I would tell him how wondered he looked with the shadow that I had seen across his photograph, and I would most carefully suggest that he grow whiskers.
Four months later when I met him at the train station near my home in Westfield, New York , he was wearing a full beard. He was so much taller than I had imagined from my tiny photograph.
“ladies and gentlemen”, he said, “I have no speech to make and no time to make it in, I appear before you that I may see you that I may see you and that you may see me.” Then he picked me right up and kissed me on both cheeks. The whiskers scratched. “Do you think I look better, my little friend?” he asked me.
My name is Grace Bedell, and the man in the photograph was Abraham Lincoln.
i. How did the man in the photograph look?
ii. Why could not the writer sleep that night?
iii. What would she write in the letter?
iv. What difference did she find in the man from his photograph?
v. What did the man say in his speech?
HSEB/ NEB 2064: Read the following passage and answer the questions given below. [5*2=10]
Kathmandu is dull like the snake found in terai, which is neither cobra or krait. The town is modern but the town is old. Women squeeze into the crowded bus and they doubt the intentions of men. Men jostle and push into the crowd and if any co-traveller’s hand just touches their body, they doubt their honesty.
This town established by Manjushree striking with his khadga, by reducing the swamp, has itself reduced into a swamp today. The swamp of cement, alcotar and dirt. The atmosphere of the town is strange and temperature uneven. Even when the heat rises upto 32 degrees Celsius, in the alleys and squares where the sun never enters, one cannot leave his blanket because of the increase of cold.
The young boys or girls here regard the actors and actresses of cinema as their personal gods or goddess. They consider it the loss of their prestige in carrying their ownvegetable bag but their pride is boosted up in carrying their boss’s bag. The children eat the meal of boiled rice and attend English schools.
i. Why does the writer consider Kathmandu dull?
ii. Who established Kathmandu and how?
iii. How does the writer show that the temperature of this town is uneven?
iv. How does the writer describe the young boys and girls of Kathmandu?
v. Give a suitable title to the given passage.